MIT Researchers' Vault Cryptocurrency 99 Percent More Efficient Than Bitcoin

MIT researchers have developed a new cryptocurrency that Radically reduces the data users Will Need to Combine the Community and verify transactions up to 99 percent than the current popular cryptocurrencies.

Cryptocurrencies, such as the popular Bitcoin, are networks built on the blockchain, a fiscal ledger formatted at a succession of individual blocks, each comprising transaction information.

To join a cryptocurrency, new users must download and save all transaction information from hundreds of thousands of individual blocks. They need to also keep these data to utilize the service and assist verify trades. This makes the process slow or computationally impractical for some.

In a paper to be presented at the coming Network and Distributed System Security Symposium, the researchers introduced Vault – a cryptocurrency that allows users join the system by downloading only a small percent of the entire transaction data.

Additionally, it incorporates techniques that delete empty balances which take up space, also empowers verifications using just the most recent transaction data which are divided and shared throughout the network, minimising an individual user’s data storage and processing demands.

“The paper title is a pun. A vault is a place where you can save cash, but the blockchain additionally lets you’vault’ over cubes when connecting a community,” said Derek Leung, a graduate student in the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) at the MIT.

“When I’m bootstrapping, I only need a block from way from the past to confirm a block manner later on. I am able to jump over all blocks in between, which saves us a lot of bandwidth.”

In experiments, Vault reduced the bandwidth for joining its system by 99 percent when compared to Bitcoin and 90 percent compared to Ethereum, which is considered one of today’s most effective cryptocurrencies.

Importantly, Vault still ensures that all nodes validate all trades, providing tight protection equal to its existing counterparts.

The researchers assembled their system in addition to a new cryptocurrency system named Algorand, which can be protected, decentralised, and much more scalable than other cryptocurrencies.